Thursday, May 21, 2020

The American Dream By Lorraine Hansberry - 1373 Words

Nothing in this world comes easily to anybody s hand, it is earned by one s own will to keep moving forward; therefore, the future can look much brighter and better.The American Dream can be successfully be accomplished if people take hard hits in life and are able to stand up and take up other challenges. In the play, A Raisin in the Sun, the Younger family, during the the time period of 1959, have to face discrimination because of their skin color. They also face losing of money and finding the true meaning in the American dream. Therefore, the family realizes they need to suffer in order to succeed and how life threw the struggle can affect their cultural view or even make a big change. Author Lorraine Hansberry displays through the Younger family that the American dream can be attained by hard work. Hansberry shows that from the exterior they have similar opportunities to reach the American Dream but when you zoom in closer each person in the household has a different perspective of how the American Dream and it affects their cultural identity. The whole Younger family is the personification of pride and prestige to keep on moving for the aspiring future.The whole Younger family are full of pride in what they do and fully happy for being part of a good family. Ruth declares â€Å"You know what you should do, Miss Lena? You Should take yourself a trip somewhere. To Europe or South America or someplace--† (Hansberry 43). Mama has a different view what to do with the moneyShow MoreRelatedThe American Dream By Lorraine Hansberry1741 Words   |  7 PagesThe American Dream From the first day that we can walk, talk, and think for ourselves, we are dreamers. These dreams can be nothing more than an illusion, or the foundations to the very lives we live daily. The American Dream is no exception to this, shaping the lives of millions of Americans each and every day, as it has done so for decades. We can see this through the works of many notable authors and their works. Some examples of these people are F. Scott Fitzgerald, Lorraine Hansberry, ThomasRead MoreThe American Dream By Lorraine Hansberry1570 Words   |  7 Pagesability to receive an education, and having freedom and equality. Is this American Dream really attainable for everyone? Some groups of American citizens seem less likely to ever achieve this dream even if they work hard. Society and their circumstances are against them either because of their race, gender or class. Women, minorities, immigrants and the poor are left out of the American Dream. They may strive for the dream, sometimes e ven for a number of generations, but they will only get so farRead MoreThe American Dream By Lorraine Hansberry1837 Words   |  8 PagesThe concept of the American Dream has always been that everyone wants something in life, no matter if it is wealth, education, financial stability, safety, or a decent standard of living. However, everyone will try to strive to get what they want. The American Dream, is said to be that everyone should try and get what they hope they can get in life. In the play â€Å"A Raisin in the Sun† the author Lorraine Hansberry brought to us is about a family where each has an American Dream. The question is willRead More The American Dream in A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry1020 Words   |  5 Pages â€Å"Check coming today?† The Life Insurance check that Mama will soon be receiving is the source of all the dreams in the Younger family. A major argument that Lorraine Hansberry makes in her play A Raisin in the Sun is the importance of dreams. Dreams are what each member of the Younger family is driven by. Mama wants to have her own home in a nice part of town; she does not want her children growing up in a place with rats. Walter wants to have a successful business so he can surpass the povertyRead MoreAmerican Dream in A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry827 Words   |  3 Pagesnice house with a white picket fence. This was the cliche American dream. It is what most people think of when they think of the American Dream. The definition of American dream is the ideals of freedom, equality, and opportunity traditionally held to be available to every american. Well does it exist? If people work hard enough towards the dream yes, it does still exist. Moving on from the big picture, two contributions of the American dream are personal happiness and material comfort. For exampleRead MoreChasing the American Dream in A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry972 Words   |  4 Pages Chasing the American Dream in A Raisin in the Sun A Raisin in the Sun is a play about an African-American family living on the South Side of Chicago in the 1950s. This family is going through many struggles, both within the family and financially. The family is awaiting an insurance check. The story focuses on the individual dreams of each family member and what they want to do with the money. The family struggles to mend their family issues along with deciding what they will do with the money.Read MoreThe American Dream Not Ending Perfectly By Lorraine Hansberry, It s One Of Her Realistic Masterpieces961 Words   |  4 Pages A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry, it s one of her realistic masterpieces. The play expresses an African American family stand out in their respective to chase the American dream by experiencing contradictions and conflicts. Although in the play, the American dream not ending perfectly, the dramatis personae in the play, particularly mother Lena Younger, did not show any improvement by moving into a w hite neighborhood. To have a better understanding of Lena, I am going to interpret herRead MoreCompare And Contrast The Ways In Which The American Dream Is Presented Through Walter Younger In Lorraine Hansberry1711 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Compare and contrast the ways in which the American Dream is presented through Walter Younger in Lorraine Hansberry’s ‘ A Raisin in the Sun’ and Willy Lehman in Arthur Miller’s ‘Death of the Salesman’ The American Dream is something many Americans desire. The desire to the mind – set or belief that anyone can be successful if they worked hard for what they’ve been yearning. It is considered to be a ‘perfect life’; it can be full of money, contentedness or even love. There are many divergent opinionsRead MoreRacial Segregation, By Lorraine Hansberry1248 Words   |  5 Pagesbut dreams – but He did give us children to make the dreams seem worthwhile,† once stated by Lorraine Hansberry. Racial segregation has been a huge topic in our society. Believe it or not, just a few decades ago African American people did not have the basic equality rights that white citizens were given. Something as simple as having a dream to become an author seemed out of reach; even impossible some might have said. Living in this kind of a world was unfortunately a reality for Lorraine HansberryRead MoreEssay on Compare Contrast a Raisin in the Sun1026 Words   |  5 PagesSun Essay In the play, A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry, and 1961 movie written by Lorraine Hansberry and presented by Columbia pictures, one of the most important themes is the American Dream. Many of the characters have hopes and dreams. They all strive towards their goals throughout. However, many of the characters have different dreams that clash with each other. Problems seem to arise when different people’s dreams conflict with one another.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Another theme is racism. Racism

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Let Us Legalize Gay Marriage Essay - 881 Words

America is said to be the land of the free, which means that every legal citizen is given freedom of speech, and the right of privacy. Among these rights, we are given freedom of religion. If someone is Catholic, Jewish, Muslim, Christian, or even Buddhist, that someone is welcome to practice their own religion however they see fit, and you are welcome in America because this is the land of the free. Or is it? When the topic of Gay Marriage arises in conversation, the main Anti-Gay point would be that the Bible does not agree with it. [Jones, Michael] Last time I checked, and according to the first amendment, the Bible has no standing power in American law. [Why Would We?] Therefore, the people of the United States should vote Yes†¦show more content†¦[Homosexual Behavior in Animals.] Being technically superior compared to all other animals, does not change the fact that our species as a whole is part of thirty percent of animals that display homosexual tendencies. How can a person, a human being, categorize a man beating his wife or children, or committing a crime along with being Gay? What are the causes of this skewed reality? People are ignorant, and humans harm others everyday for no real reason. Do Gay people harm society, people, or children any more than heterosexual people? People are going to do as they wish no matter what, so why fight it? Humans are individuals, who would want to be the same as the next person? If someone wants everyone to be the same, that someone has bigger problems than Gay Marriage on their hands. If a couple, gay or straight, has a love between them, that deserves marriage, not Civil Union, why deny them a right that everyone else can be granted so easily? Civil Union/Domestic Partnerships do not receive the same rights as Marriages, a Gay couple in a Domestic Partnership will not be able to move to another state and be recognized as in a relationship, but with Marriage, you are recognized as being married in every state, no matter what. That is just oneShow MoreRelatedLegalization of Gay Marriage1319 Words   |  6 PagesPREPARED BY: REGINA KHOR MAY LIN AA09179 Relationship Should we legalize same-sex marriage in our country? To persuade To persuade my audience that we should legalize same-sex marriage in our country. Same-sex marriage should be legalized since it is the natural form of the marriage evolution, part of human rights and able to prevent psychological stress from the LGB community. (LGB- lesbian, gays and bisexuals) Problem and solution I.INTRODUCTION Picture this... A man meetsRead MoreSame-Sex Marriage Must Remain Legal Essay examples1271 Words   |  6 Pagesfive years same-sex marriage has become one of the most controversial issues in the United States, many social activist strive to aid homosexuals and their fight to legalize same-sex marriage. Marriage is a fundamental right not a privilege. Gay men and women should not be discriminated against based on their sexuality. Marriage is a sacred bond between two people that love each other no matter the sex, race, or religion. Everyday homosexuals are treated unfairly; most were born gay and cannot helpRead MoreGay Marriage Moment Essay951 Words   |  4 PagesGay Marriage Moment Gay marriage should be allowed nobody is perfect. In this world we all have the ability to love somebody. We shouldn’t judge others, all of us are human beings just because we don’t like a man or women of our kind. Each one of us that are homosexuals or lesbians or gays. Doesn’t mean that we can’t have the same things as men and women some people believe that same sex marriage is against their morals and their religious won’t accept it. Gay marriage should be allowed because theRead MoreSame Sex Marriage Should Be Legal in All States1390 Words   |  5 PagesSame Sex Marriage Should Be Legal in All States When you see the word marriage, what do you see or think of? Majorities of Americans will see a man and a woman together. That’s because it is a tradition that marriage is between a man and a woman. Wouldn’t it be nice if everyone could marry the love of their life? Unfortunately, same sex marriage is banned in thirty-two states and only legalized in eighteen states. So why can’t gay and lesbian couples marry each other? Same sex marriage is protectedRead MoreEssay about Gay Marriage Rights969 Words   |  4 PagesGay marriage rights have been denied from homosexuals for years. It has been proven that it is okay and can function properly in todays society by mainly states in New England, and a few others. This situation greatly resembles interracial marriage back in the mid 60’s, and now as a society we all look back and see how wrong it was for us to deny it. This fight gets bigger and stronger and continues to dominate the news. This has been one of th e top fought over topics for the past half century andRead MoreThe Right of All: Legalize Same-Sex Marriage Essay1402 Words   |  6 Pagesin a book that it’s a sin to love someone of the same sex. People live that live everyday of their lives, except opposite. The big question about same-sex marriage is if it should be legal or not, and why? The problem with same-sex marriage is that if the US allows it, we don’t know how the US would react. A big argument against same-sex marriage is that they shouldn’t be allowed to marry because they are not able to procreate. That problem has a simple answer(s) and its called adoption, or artificialRead MoreWhy Should We Legalize Gay Marriage?811 Words   |  4 PagesWhy should we legalize gay marriage? Or, in other words, why isnt gay marriage legalized already? Same-sex marriage is just about as humane as opposite-sex marriage. One in ten people are gay. Seems perfectly normal to me. Is it normal to you? And anyway, why dont people like two gays marrying? Lets start out with the facts. The evidence. The nitty-gritty of all this debate. One out of ten people are gay or lesbian. So theres about twenty-eight people in this class, am I right? So thats atRead MoreEssay about The Gay Marriage Conspiracy577 Words   |  3 Pagesyou about some of the conspiracies surrounding gay marriage. Some people have said that the gays are planning some huge plot to convert all the straight people. It all makes sense! They cry equality just to get straight people to be nice to them. Then once the straight people let their guard down, they turn e m! Theres also another conspiracy I want to talk about. I beleive that if we allow them lesbians to marry, then they are going to trap all of us men into paying child support through reproductiveRead MoreSame Sex Marriage Should Not Be Legalized926 Words   |  4 Pagesthat people have misunderstood the meaning of marriage. Marriage is not just a term to describe relationship that are precious to us, it’s more than just a union of heart and mind; it’s an institution between a man and a women. biblically, marriage is a life time union of a man and a women, primarily for the purpose of building a family and providing a stable environments for that family (1 Corinthian 7:2 16) According to Peter Sprigg, same sex marriage should not be legalized because of its immediateRead MoreGay Marriage Should Not Be Legal934 Words   |  4 Pages Gay Marriage Should Not Be Legal It’s unfortunate that people have misunderstood the meaning of marriage. Marriage is not just a term to describe relationship that are precious to us, it’s more than just a union of heart and mind; it’s an institution between a man and a woman. Biblically, marriage is a lifetime union of a man and a woman, primarily for the purpose of building a family and providing a stable environment for that family (1 Corinthian 7:2 16) According

Patterns of World History Vol 1 Free Essays

string(26) " of land tenure in China\." â€Å"Humans and Ideas† Some of the most powerful ideas humans developed during early divination of 3000 BCE to 618 CE have been about techniques to improve living. New technological ideas from the invention of the wheel to the hand crank pump have transformed how millions of people live. The way technological ideas have accumulated over time and the effects they have had on society is one of the main themes of world history. We will write a custom essay sample on Patterns of World History Vol 1 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Shortly before 3000 BCE, Mesopotamians invented a technological idea which ended in a writing system called cuneiform that increased communication, record keeping, and abstract thought. Through symbols written on wet clay tablets that represented objects and sounds, history could be recorded for the first time. Writing was a major expansion of the conceptual horizon of humankind that reached back to the first flaked stones, ornaments, figurines, and cave paintings in the Paleolithic (Von Sivers 44). Early metallurgists discovered that by adding tin to copper they were able to make bronze which was much harder than copper and provided a sharper cutting edge which was the start of the Bronze Age (Lecture). By 2800 BCE Sumer entered into what is described as the protoliterate period where scribes would work with pictograms and official seals but there was still no official written language (Lecture). Harappan cities were unique to the 1700’s BCE due to the meticulously planned grid-like design that included a most elaborate urban sewer system for ancient times. Remarkably straight, brick paved streets ran in north/south, east/west axes forming square blocks of public buildings, temples, and markets in convenient locations. Houses had brick-lined indoor wells and primitive toilets emptying into terra-cotta cesspits whose overflow connected to the city’s drains and sewers (Von Sivers 80). Located several miles up the Sabarmati River from the Gulf of Khambat, Lothal was a large, perhaps the chief, of all trading seaports around 1700 BCE. Lothal central structure is an enormous basin, approximately 120 feet long and 70 feet wide. The location of Lothal on the Arabian Sea indicates a link between Harappan cities and trade that would have reached Mesopotamia and possibly Egypt. Lothal was also a famous regional craft center, with micro beads used for decorative craft items and jewelry as its chief product for internal trade and export (Von Sivers 80). Around 1700 BCE, the chariot and composite bow made their entry into the Middle East and eastern Mediterranean region, transforming armies who previously relied solely on foot soldiers. Black smiths mastered the art of iron making and incorporated iron into their chariot armies, in the form of swords, helmets, and protective armor (Von Sivers 53). The Shang Dynasty used the horse to drive chariots, which transformed the Chinese warfare for transportation, which linked disparate regions of China and helped the Shang to expand. It was a featured in art and poetry and thus offered a new symbol for artist and poets to work with. It will also link China to nomadic horse people from the north and west (Von Sivers 110). The people in Meroe mined, smelted, and forged iron which they were the first to do so in sub-Saharan Africa. The craft of iron smelting evolved gradually in Hittite Anatolia during several centuries after 1500 BCE. The possible spread of iron-working sills from the Middle East to Africa has not been satisfactorily proved. Iron workers in African villages adapted iron-making to local village circumstances. The production of iron, or greater import was the knowledge f how to forge the bloom-the combination of raw iron and slag- into an iron- carbon allow that was neither too soft nor too brittle (Von Sivers 165). Chariots and bows were introduced to the Shan army between 1300-1200 BCE. Around 1200 BCE, The Olmec crafted figurines, mask of clays, and made figurines from jade and serpentine. The Olmec heads were carved from 18 ton blocks of basalt that were quarried 70 miles away from San Lorenzo. Large groups of workers shouldered beams from which the basalt blocks, weighing 18 tons on average, hung in slings. They carried these blocks to the coast and shipped them to San Lorenzo on rafts. There, sculptors fashioned the blocks into fierce-looking, helmeted heads, kneeling or sitting figures, and animal statues (Von Sivers 145). The Lydians are notable for having created in 615 BCE the first minted money in world history, coins made of silver and gold and used in trade (Von Sivers 199). The Achaemenids created an elaborate system of roads known as the royal roads around 550 BCE for communication and transportation of troops and trade. The Persian Empire in particular covered vast amounts of land, from Anatolia to Egypt and Mesopotamia, to modern day Afghanistan. The Persian Empire was both centralized and decentralized. One centralized aspect, as revealed by the roads, was the need to pay taxes and tribute to the shahinshah, the emperor. Even more revealing is the style of the Persian roads, with distance markers at regular intervals, inns and depots indicating the sophistication of the Persian infrastructure. The centralization of the empire is further revealed by the regulation that local parts of the road had to be maintained by the local governors, appointed by the emperor; thus even to the local level the emperor had influe nce (Von Sivers 200). The Achaemenids achieved their conquests with the help of lightly armed; highly mobile mounted archers as well as heavily armored, slow-moving cataphracts-horsemen with protective armor consisting of iron scales sewn on leather shirts. Quilts and iron scales protected the horses. The archers fought with composite bows and the cataphracts, with 5-foot long, iron-tipped lances for thrusting. Infantry soldiers armed with bows, arrows, shields, and javelins provided support for the cavalry, complementing its tank-like thrust (Von Sivers 200). The Well-Field System was an attempt to untangle the more confusing aspects of land arrangement around 500 BCE. The Zhou was the first among many dynasties to attempt to impose a uniform system of land tenure in China. You read "Patterns of World History Vol 1" in category "Essay examples" Each square Li(one li is about one-third of a mile), consisting of 900 mou(each mou is approximately one-sixth of an acre) was divided into a grid of nine plots. Individual families would each work one of the eight outside plots while the middle one would be farmed in common for the taxes and rents owed the landowner or local officials (Von Sivers 117). In the 5th Century BCE, sculptors began to explore physical movement, emotion, and individual character by Greek Painting and Sculpture. Greek vase paintings and sculptures achieved a remarkable wide range, from figures exerting themselves in their chosen sports to serene models of human beauty. Greek sculptors and painters abandoned symbolism and instead, embraced realism as their style of representation in which we call today photographic representation (Von Sivers 229). Craftspeople from the Chavin de’ Hauntar around 500 BCE made beads, pendants, stone tools and leather goods, but pioneered new techniques combining the wool from llamas with cotton to create a new blended cloth. They decorated it using new methods of dyeing and painting. Goldsmiths demised new methods of soldering and alloying gold and silver to make large ornamental objects. Small objects, such as golden headbands, ear spools, beads, and pins, signified prestige and wealth. Gold artifacts found in the graves of the wealthy attest to the value residents of Chavin placed on gold (Von Sivers 144). What technical and cultural development allowed the people of the Lapita culture to spread throughout the Pacific Islands? 500 BCE-200 BCE- The Polynesian Islands were settled in part due to sail and paddle-driven canoes, which were further improved by the addition of outriggers or double hulls. These boats improvements allowed the Polynesians to sail further and reach some of the more distant islands. Cultural developments included the ability to retain elaborate, detailed mental maps of islands, ability to read wind patterns and currents, and retention of celestial information that allowed for navigation (Von Sivers ). The Silk Road was an overland trade routes that connected eastern and western Eurasia, beginning at the end of the fourth century BCE (Von Sivers 286). Mayans developed writing that was a complex combination of glyphic and syllabic script as early as 400-300 BCE. Mayan writing is a glyphic as well as a syllabic script, numbering some 800 signs. It is structurally similar to Sumerian cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphic. The glyphic part consists of pictograms, one-word images of the most essential features of what is to be depicted. Glyphs as syllables consist of one, two, or three of syllabic glyphs, or syllabaries, are pronounced as a series of syllables. Given the mixture of pictograms and syllabaries, which is potentially immense, the complexity of Mayan writing appeared for a long time to be an insuperable obstacle to any effort at deciphering (Von Sivers 182). Around 300 BCE, The Upanishadic writers, or which one hundred are known, thought that the Vedic religion had become too distracted due to the thousands of gods. The Upanishads instead sought a monist, rather that polytheistic approach, and sought for a first principle, a universal truth that did not require the worship of many different gods. The Upanishadic writers were hermits who wanted to reach unity with the universal self, which would remove them from the cycle of rebirth and redeath that characterized earthly life. Salvation in this system was moksha, escape from reincarnation. This salvation was achieved through meditation and brief aphorisms becoming a vital part of a new evolving tradition (Von Sivers 248). Around 221 BCE, the Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of the Qin, accomplished a significant part of empire and state building. These are several accomplishments of Shi Huangdi to include: building the Great Wall of China that was massive project stretching over 1400 miles to safeguard against attacks by nomadic people in the north; standardized weights, measures, and coinage; building roads, canals, irrigation, water conservancy projects; his tomb with life-sized warriors; use of conscripted labor; and the implementation of Legalism as the primary philosophy of the realm. Each of these was designed primarily to increase the centralized power of the Qin leader and his state. Babylonians were great mathematicians, who worked fractions, whole numbers and square roots as well as some of the elementary theorems of geometry (Lecture). Starting from the foundations of the Sumerians, the Babylonians made advances in arithmetic, geometry, and algebra. Buddhism, the most profound intellectual influences from India on the surrounding regions was in science and mathematics. During the period from the second century BCE until the second century CE India was an importer of scientific and mathematical concepts from the Greco-Roman and Persian spheres. Greek geometry, made its way into northern India during this time. Concepts of Indian health regimens-some involving yoga discipline-along with the vast body of Indian medicine, with its extensive knowledge of herbal remedies, also seem to have moved west. In the area of mathematics and astronomy an important synthesis of ideas took place in the developing the first Indian calendars, which were based on the lunar months, through a year consisted of six seasons and an intercalary period was inserted every 30 months to make up the difference with the solar year. The Indians then adopted the calendar of the eastern Mediterranean and southwest Asia, which had a 7 –day week, a 24-hour day, and a 365-day solar year-along with the 12 zodiacal signs of the Greco-Roman world (Von Sivers 264). The earthenware produced during the Tang dynasty 618 CE is among the most coveted in the world today. Perhaps even more impressive, by this time, too, artisans were producing a kind of â€Å"proto-porcelain† that, with increasing refinement, would be know in the succeeding centuries to the outside world as â€Å"china† (Von Sivers 284). Throughout history, humans have adapted their ideas to their environment and learned to overcome obstacles, thus paving the way for new elements of technology. Humans expressed themselves and communicated with one another in sophisticated ways through paintings, sculptures, and the decorative arts as well as writing, construction, and metals. Of more recent, humans invented writing systems that gave birth to many forms of literature. Humans have wrestled with ideas and beliefs regarding technology. How to cite Patterns of World History Vol 1, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Tales from Ancutas Inn Essay Example

Tales from Ancutas Inn Essay Narratives from Ancuta s Inn It was one aureate fall when I heard those narratives at Ancuta s Inn. But this happened in disregarded times, long ago, in that twelvemonth when such heavy rains fell on Saint Elijah s twenty-four hours, that made people say they might hold seen a black firedrake in the skies, above the overruning Waterss of the Moldova And there were besides those unusual, like neer seen before birds, twirling in the storm and paddling towards east ; uncle Leonte, seeking in his book of marks and construing the anticipations of Emperor Heraclius, proved that those dabbling feathery birds had risen lost from islands at the universe s terminal to predict war between emperors and wealth in grape harvests. And so so, the White Emperor started war against the heathen caches, directing his Muscovites over and, for the marks to turn out entirely true, God gave such wealth to the vineries in Lower-Moldavia, that winegrowers could non happen adequate barrels to set the immature vino into. And so did the bearers from our parts begin to convey vino into the mountains and that was the clip of banquets and narratives at Ancuta s Inn. There were eternal rows of bearers walking along the mountain waies. Violinists at the hostel played and sang at all times: as some fell on the floors, overthrown by fairy and vino, others would lift from the concealed corners of the hostel to maintain the banquet alive. We will write a custom essay sample on Tales from Ancutas Inn specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Tales from Ancutas Inn specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Tales from Ancutas Inn specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer And there were so many pipkins broken by the drinkers that adult females halting at the hostel in their manner to the Roman carnival were taken by such surprise, as to traverse themselves for whole two old ages after. And, remaining about fires, hard-tried work forces, cup and can with fires, kept frying hunks of random-access memory and calf or grilling Leuciscus leuciscus and barbell, brought from the Waterss of the Moldova. And there she was, the immature Ancuta, merely as scowling and sly as her female parent, tampering every here and at that place like an hob ; with rose-colored cheeks, a skirt pinned to her waist and turned up arms, she was functioning vino and nutrient, laughs and sort words to everyone traversing the hostel s threshold. What you should cognize about Ancuta s Inn is that this was non merely an ordinary hostel, but a fortress. It was surrounded by such thick walls and had those really monolithic Gatess like I have neer seen before or after in my life once more. Inside the hostel, work forces, cowss and carts could take shelter wholly, without holding the slightest fright for stealers Still, during those times I am speaking about, peace ruled over the state and good will among people. The hostel kept ever its Gatess opened, merely like the Voivode did with His at the tribunal. And, in between their bars, you could see it on all mild fall yearss the vale of the Moldova stretching every bit far as your eyes might make ; and so the shadow-nests thrown by mountains over the fir forests to Ceahlau and Halucea. Later, after the Sun had immersed into the kingdom of darkness and distant lineations began to bit by bit conk away, gliding into a cryptic ocean of pitch, the fires at the hostel displayed their playful visible radiations on the sober rock walls and pierced the inkiness sheets covering doors and barred Windowss likewise. From clip to clip, the violinists vocals would discontinue, to allow the narratives be said and heard. During those fat and gay yearss, there was this beefeater, really beloved to me but stranger to those parts, standing near the hostel, like one of its hemorrhoids. He would even vie with Uncle Leonte at construing all things that there are on Earth. He would raise his pot to everyone coming at the hostel and listen to the violinists vocals lost in his ideas, with empty eyes, like carried off by the thaumaturgy of the music. He was a tall, gray adult male, holding a shriveled, wrinkled face. Around his pencil-thin mustache and at the tail of his small eyes, countless, little folds engraved the tegument. His eyes were so deep and cryptic and as for the pencil-thin-moustached cheek, it seemed to smile with bleak at times. His name was Ionita, the Comis. Well, this Comis Ionita had a pretty unit of ammunition pouch at his belt, kept under his Grey, woolen array. And the manner he had appeared at the hostel siting an terribly unusual Equus caballus the exact same Equus caballus from the narrative, before eating its hot coals salver. Skin and castanetss entirely! ! ! A brownish-orange Equus caballus, with three white-spotted legs and a high saddle on his dorsum, standing still near some wall, with a clump of strws under his neb I am non here to remain said Comis Ionita one time in a piece, keeping the pot in his manus ; I would mount and put off to my universe, merely like this for my oxalis is ever ready to be saddled There is no other Equus caballus like mine in the whole broad universe I mount and with my astrakhan cap on one ear, so I go without giving a darn As for traveling off he went nowhere. He would remain at that place with us. So it is, as you say, replied Uncle Leonte one time ; a Equus caballus like yours is nowhere to be found, non even if you searched for one in every land of the universe, for whole nine old ages! It gives me trembles, believing of how much this really tegument of his might worth! A luck it must be! That s something you are stating, my friend! shouted the beefeater, rippling his pencil-thin mustache. This Equus caballus, so scraggy, yet that brassy, meets no earthly needs like remainder or hungriness whatsoever. He casts nutrient no more than a glimpse and does nt mind at all if I forget to give him H2O. And the saddle seems like it s grown out of him. This Equus caballus is one of baronial beginning. He s coming from a white-spotted-legs female horse, of class, the 1 that His Highness, the voivode Mihalache Sturza himself, looked at with great surprise, therefore doing me take pride in her in all my yearss of young person Why would the voivode expression at your female horse with such surprise, Comis Ionita? Was she that skinny excessively? It goes without stating. This could be a narrative that I might state you all, if you care to listen How come we would nt listen, uncle Ionita? particularly to a narrative dating back from the times of Mihai Sturza the Voivode! Especially from the times ofmy young person said the beefeater, with a serious tone in his voice. By so, we were in the same topographic point as we are today, here at the hostel, remaining around its fires and all those immature vino carts ; merely the people were different, people who now got back to ashes ; among us, there was the other Ancuta tampering from here to at that place, this Ancuta s female parent, who besides left this universe for a less joyful one. One twenty-four hours in those times, I was remaining at the hostel s door, and every bit sad as I was, I had the pot in my left manus and the female horse s rein in my right And the other Ancuta, who used to sit in the same topographic point as this 1 does, leaned against the door jamb, listened to what I was stating Whatever I said back so, I now do nt cognize ; those were my empty words blown off by the air current of limbo, merely like the foliages in fall. While Comis Ionita was concealing a pensive smiling under his scratchy, pencil-thin mustache, the remainder of us, all interns and Carters from Upper-Moldavia got seated around him, on logs and cart-shafts, with our mentums up and our eyes round unfastened. The immature Ancuta was standing in the room access, leaned against the door-jamb ; and the fall Sun was touching half her face so gently, as to dress her cheek in a aureate beaming. In the nearby vale, the Waterss of the Moldova were scintillating among brushs so closely to the hostel, whereas from far off, the mountains flint surges puting underneath blue mists were looking directly at you with rocky eyes. Entirely and surrounded by thick silence, the beefeater s boney Equus caballus had all of a sudden released a neigh from top of the hostel incline, a really awful neigh so, followed by a diabolic leer that we all witnessed with fright. Both frightened and astonied, Ancuta turned her scowling eyes at him. Ayeee! That s it! said the Comis ; that s the same manner my old female horse used to neigh and leer Poor thing Who knows where she s now Possibly, eaten by wolves someplace but her leer is still alive and carried on to frighten this other Ancuta. As I was stating you fellows, I was right here in this topographic point, ready to swing into the saddle and travel, with one pes in the stirrup and so, all of a sudden I hear this noise of a whip flicking, rounded off by wheels quivering. When I raise and mind my caput, what I see is a carriage-and-four rushing into the state route towards the hostel. Once arrived at the hostel, the passenger car stops in forepart of it and so, the boyar gets off to see Ancuta s eyes, harmonizing to usage. As he s nearing the hostel, I raise my pot in his wellness. He stops in the manner and looks at me with a big smiling on his face, so at the female horse and at the work forces around me, decidedly charmed by the warm welcome he s received. He was a short adult male this boyar, with a ruddy rounded face fungus and a thin aureate concatenation at his cervix My good friends, said the boyar, it makes me so happy to see that much joy and hilarity in Moldavia It makes us merely as happy, I said, to hear such nice words. That s worth the finest of our vinos. And so the boyar smiled once more and asked me where I was coming from and heading to. Respected boyar, I replied, I m coming from a household of beefeaters in the Draganesti small town, the land of Suceava. As for a nice and steady shelter to travel to, I do nt hold one, but I have my long, crisp teethed enemies alternatively. And there is this test that I m holding, which seems to neer stop. I got this from my male parent, the beadle Iona, and I am really afraid that I might merely every bit good pass it on to my kids, if it s God s will to give me any How come? asked the boyar surprised. It s how I m stating, for our suit, respected boyar, began long earlier the times of Voievod Calimah. And we had had hearings, so my relations went to the Divan in bends, from one coevals to another ; and research had been made, boundaries marked and testimonies under curse asked for. Some of my household had died under this test, with others acquiring born ready to take it over and transport it on, but still justness could non be found, non even in my yearss. On top of this, my enemy has furrowed 12 pess and five spans of my bequest down to Velia bee house with his Big Dipper. And so, I raised a new ailment to the vataf, but once more I got no clemency ; my enemy, you see, he is a great vulture, a boyar, no offense whatsoever. Sing how things work, I took the large bag with old documents down from the loft once more, I tried to spell them out the best I could, I picked the best preserved and put them under my belt. I mounted on my female horse and off I go to Voda! Let him do me jus tness! ! ! How could that be? Asked the boyar one time once more surprised, playing with his face fungus and with his aureate concatenation. Are you truly on your manner to Voda? Now, the Comis lowered his voice a spot, but still the immature Ancuta ( ) overheard what was to go on unless the beefeater found his justness in Voda s custodies. If Voda could nt do him justness either, so ought His Highness to snog the beefeater s female horse non far off from its narrative! ! ! [ ] After that, the boyar got in his passenger car and gone he was. [ ] Your Highness, I said out burden, I am here for justness! And Voda answered: Raise up! When hearing his voice, I raised my eyes so rapidly and so I saw the boyar from the hostel. [ ] All right, yeoman, you ll acquire the justness you diserve. [ ] But what would go on if I did nt do you justness? Oh good, Your Highness, I answered express joying, I m non taking back my words. The female horse s merely across the route, ..

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Symbolism in Houses, Nature, and Culture essays

Symbolism in Houses, Nature, and Culture essays The setting and descriptions of Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange that Emily Bronte uses throughout her novel, Wuthering Heights, helps set the mood for describing Heathcliff and Cathy. The cold, muddy, and infertile moors separate the two households. Each house stands alone, in the midst of the dreary land, but the atmospheres of the two estates are quite different. This difference helps explain the personalities and bond of Cathy and Heathcliff. The Conflict between Nature and Culture are constantly playing against each other. Nature is represented by the Earnshaw family, and by Catherine and Heathcliff in particular. These characters are governed by their passions, and "wildness." Wuthering Heights comes to symbolize a similar wildness. On the other hand, Thrushcross Grange and the Linton family represent culture, refinement, gathering, and cultivation. Emily Bronte's fine usage of symbolism help one to understand the differences in nature, culture, and personality shown by comparing the Heights and the Grange, kept together by the moors. Wuthering Heights, which represents basically Hell, is always in a state of storminess. The Heights and its surroundings portray the coldness, darkness, and evil associated with Hell. This parallels Heathcliff. He symbolizes the cold, dark, and dismal house. The author also uses parallel personifications to depict specific parts of the house as analogues to Heathcliffs face and body. "He is a dark-skinned gypsy in aspect... He has an erect and handsome figure, and rather morose." (Bronte 3). Emily frequently made references to the dark windows such as the darkness of Heathcliff. Although he is hansom and study such as the house, he is also depressing and gloomy. The very definition of wuthering is to dry up, shrivel, or wilt as from decay The inhabitants, especially Heathcliff and Cathy, cause the decay and bring storminess to the house. Hea ...

Sunday, March 1, 2020

How Peer Review Works in the Social Sciences

How Peer Review Works in the Social Sciences Peer review, at least in intent, is the way the editors of academic journals attempt to keep the quality of articles in their publications high, and assure (or attempt to assure) that poor or fallacious research does not get published. The process is tied up with political and economic issues involving tenure and pay scales, in that an academic who participates in the peer review process (whether as author, editor, or reviewer) gets rewarded for that participation in an increase in reputation which can lead to an increase in pay scales, rather than direct payment for services rendered. In other words, none of the people involved in the review process is paid by the journal in question, with the sole exception (maybe) of one or more editorial assistants. The author, editor, and reviewers all do this for the prestige involved in the process; they are generally paid by the university or business that employs them, and in many cases, that pay is contingent upon obtaining publication in peer-reviewed journals. The editorial assistance is generally provided in part by the editors university and in part by the journal. The Review Process The way academic peer review works (at least in the social sciences), is that a scholar writes an article and submits it to a journal for review. The editor reads it over and finds between three and seven other scholars to review it. The reviewers selected to read and comment on the scholars article are chosen by the editor based on their reputations in the specific field of the article, or whether they are mentioned in the bibliography, or if they are personally known to the editor. Sometimes the author of a manuscript suggests some reviewers. Once a list of reviewers is drawn up, the editor removes the name of the author from the manuscript and forwards a copy to the chosen stout hearts. Then time passes, a lot of time, generally, between two weeks and several months. When the reviewers have all returned their comments (made directly on the manuscript or in a separate document), the editor makes a preliminary decision about the manuscript. Is it to be accepted as is? (This is very rare.) Is it to be accepted with modifications? (This is typical.) Is it to be rejected? (This last cases is also fairly rare, depending on the journal.) The editor strips out the identity of the reviewers and sends along the comments and her preliminary decision about the manuscript to the author. If the manuscript was accepted with modifications, it is then up to the author to make changes until the editor is satisfied that the reviewers reservations are met. Eventually, after several rounds of back and forth, the manuscript is published. The period from submission of a manuscript to publication in an academic journal generally takes anywhere from six months to over a year. Problems with Peer Review Problems inherent in the system include the time sink between submission and publication, and the difficulty obtaining reviewers who have the time and inclination to give thoughtful, constructive reviews. Petty jealousies and full blown political differences of opinion are difficult to restrain in a process where no one is made accountable for a specific set of comments on a particular manuscript, and where the author has no ability to correspond directly with her reviewers. However, it must be said that many argue that the anonymity of the blind review process allows a reviewer to freely state what he or she believes about a particular paper without fear of reprisal. The burgeoning of the internet in the first decade of the 21st century has made a huge difference in the way articles are published and made available: the peer review system is often problematic in these journals, for a number of reasons. Open access publishingin which free draft or completed articles are published and made available to anyoneis a wonderful experiment that has had some hitches in getting started. In a 2013 paper in Science, John Bohannen described how he submitted 304 versions of a paper on a bogus wonder drug to open-access journals, over half of which were accepted. Recent Findings In 2001, the journal Behavioral Ecology changed its peer review system from one which identified the author to reviewers (but reviewers remained anonymous) to a completely blind one, in which both author and reviewers are anonymous to one another. In a 2008 paper, Amber Budden and colleagues reported that statistics comparing the articles accepted for publication before and after 2001 indicated that significantly more women have been published in BE since the double-blind process began. Similar ecological journals using single-blind reviews over the same period do not indicate a similar growth in the number of woman-authored articles, leading researchers to believe that the process of double-blind review might assist with the glass ceiling effect. Sources Bohannon J. 2013. Whos afraid of peer review? Science 342:60-65. Budden AE, Tregenza T, Aarssen LW, Koricheva J, Leimu R, and Lortie CJ. 2008. Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors. Trends in Ecology Evolution 23(1):4-6. Carver M. 2007. Archaeology journals, academics and open access. European Journal of Archaeology 10(2–3):135–148. Chilidis K. 2008. New knowledge versus consensus – a critical note on their relationship based on the debate concerning the use of barrel-vaults in Macedonian tombs. European Journal of Archaeology 11(1):75–103. Etkin A. 2014. A New Method and Metric to Evaluate the Peer Review Process of Scholarly Journals. Publishing Research Quarterly 30(1):23-38. Gould THP. 2012. The Future of Peer Review: Four Possible Options to Nothingness. Publishing Research Quarterly 28(4):285-293. Vanlandingham SL. 2009. Extraordinary Examples of Deception in Peer Reviewing: Concoction of the Dorenberg Skull Hoax and Related Misconduct. 13th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics: International Symposium on Peer Reviewing. Orlando, Florida. Vesnic-Alujevic L. 2014. Peer Review and Scientific Publishing in Times of Web 2.0. Publishing Research Quarterly 30(1):39-49. Weiss B. 2014. Opening Access: Publics, Publication, and a Path to Inclusion. Cultural Anthropology 29(1):1-2.

Friday, February 14, 2020

Homemade Lava Lamp Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Homemade Lava Lamp - Essay Example Subsequently add 10 or more droplets of the selected food colouring to the mixture in the bottle until a rich colour is seen. In understanding how the lava lamp works, the first step would be to understand that oil and water do not mix. They are insoluble. The main goal in the liquids used in the lava lamp is to obtain two liquids that have very close densities but are insoluble in each other and that is why oil and water are most preferable (Cothron 4). Oil and water will not mix in the experiment as water is made up of highly charged compounds while oil is made up of long carbon chains that have no charge. As a result, the water molecules are not attracted to the oil molecules hence rendering the two liquids immiscible. The immiscibility of the two liquids causes the separation that will be seen in the experiment just as observed in our everyday life such as the kitchen sinks and oil spills. Further, the oil being less dense than water will float on top of the water as will be exemplified in the experiment. The baking soda used in the experiment contains sodium bicarbonate. Baking soda is technical ly both basic and acidic. When the baking soda is mixed with water, a chemical reaction is formed that releases carbon dioxide gas (Heuer, 10). Carbon dioxide gas is produced in a bubbling manner which is seen in the coloured fluid that is in the bottle. Food colouring is used to merely add colour to the experiment. When added, the food colouring falls through the oil and mixes with the water at the bottom giving it the particular colour of choice that is to illuminate at the onset of the chemical reactions in the